Dental caries, often called cavities, are erosions of the surface of the tooth caused by the combined effects of bacteria, acids, plaque and tartar. Dental caries are common in both children and adults, and they occur most often as a result of poor dental hygiene. Dental caries are usually painless at first, but they may become painful if they spread to the nerve or root of a tooth. If left untreated, dental caries can progress to a tooth abscess, which is a more painful and potentially serious condition. Dental caries are common, but they can often be prevented by practicing good dental hygiene, including regular brushing and flossing.
Tooth Cavity is a permanently damaged area in the hard surface of the teeth that develop into tiny openings or holes. Cavities, also called tooth decay or caries, are caused by a combination of factors, including bacteria in the mouth, frequent snacking, sipping sugary drinks and not cleaning the teeth well. Cavities and tooth decay are among the world’s most common oral problems. They’re especially common in children, teenagers, and older adults. But anyone who has teeth can get cavities, including infants. If cavities aren’t treated, they get larger and affect deeper layers of your teeth. They can lead to a severe toothache, infection and tooth loss. Regular dental visits and good brushing and flossing habits are your best protection against cavities and tooth decay.
tooth decay treatment
Tooth decay is the major destruction caused to your tooth enamel, the hard, outer layer of your teeth. It is highly seen in children, teens, and adults. It can be a problem for children, teens and adults. The only reason for tooth decay is the growing plaque. Plaque, a sticky film of bacteria, constantly forms on your teeth. When you eat or drink sugary food or beverages, the leftover particles create bacteria to settle and these bacteria settle on the plaque, producing acid that attacks the tooth enamel. The stickiness of the plaque keeps these acids in contact with your teeth and over time the enamel can break down. This is when cavities can form.
Cavity Treatment depends on how severe it is and your particular situation. Cavity Treatment options include:Fluoride treatments- If your cavity just started, a fluoride treatment may help restore your tooth’s enamel and can sometimes reverse a cavity in the very early stages. Fillings- Fillings, also called restorations, are the main treatment option when decay has progressed beyond the earliest stage. Crowns- For extensive decay or weakened teeth, you may need a crown — a custom-fitted covering that replaces your tooth’s entire natural crown. Root canals- When decay reaches the inner material of your tooth (pulp), you may need a root canal. This is a treatment to repair and save a badly damaged or infected tooth instead of removing it and Tooth extractions-Some teeth become so severely decayed that they can’t be restored and must be removed.