Posted on 1 Comment

PCOD – Causes-Symptoms and Treatment

Have you just encountered PCOD – polycystic ovary disease? Now what? The condition, which affects five million women in the U.S alone, can cause chaos on your hormones as well as still doesn’t have a known care.

It is a condition that affects a woman’s hormone levels. Women with Polycystic ovary syndrome fabricate higher than usual amounts of male hormones. This hormone inequity causes them to miss menstrual periods as well as makes it harder for them to get pregnant. It can cause hair growth on the face and body, and baldness. And it can donate to long-term health problems like diabetes and heart disease. Early diagnosis and PCOD treatment are recommended. Weight loss may also decrease the risk associated such as insulin resistance

Defining PCOD


PCOD is a problem with hormones that affects women during their childbearing years between the ages fifteen to forty-four. Many women have PCOD but don’t know it. In one study, up to seventy percent of women with PCOD hadn’t been diagnosed.

PCOD affects a women ovary, the reproductive organs that produce estrogen as well as progesterone – hormones that regulate the menstrual cycle. The ovaries also manufacture a small quantity of male hormones called androgens.

Causes of PCOD


Doctors exactly don’t know what causes PCOD. They believe that high levels of male hormones avert the ovaries from producing hormones and making eggs normally.

  • Genes– Studies shows that PCOD runs in families. It is likely that not just one, numerous genes contribute to this condition.
  • Insulin resistance – Up to seventy percent of women with PCOD have insulin resistance, meaning that their cells can’t use insulin properly. Insulin is a hormone that pancreas produces to assist the body use sugar from foods for energy.

Inflammation – Women with PCOD often have increased levels of inflammation in their body. Body overweight can also contribute to the inflammation. Studies of gynecologist doctor have linked that excess inflammation to higher androgen levels.

Common Symptoms of Polycystic Ovary Disease


Some women start considering symptoms around the time of their first period. Others only discover they have PCOD after they have gained a lot of weight or they have had trouble getting pregnant.

The most common PCOD symptoms are:

  • Lopsided periods –a shortage of ovulation prevents the uterine lining from shedding every month. Some women with PCOD get fewer than eight periods a year.
  • Profound bleeding –The uterine coating builds up for a longer period of time, so the periods you do get can be heavier than normal.
  • Hair growth –more than seventy percent of women with this situation have hair growth on their face as well as body – including on their back, belly, and chest.
  • Acne –Male hormones can make the skin oilier than normal and cause breakouts on areas like the face, chest, as well as upper back.

Common Medical treatments


Birth control – Taking estrogen and progestin daily can reinstate a standard hormone balance, regulate ovulation.

Metformin – It is a drug used to treat type two diabetes and it also treats PCOD by improving insulin levels.

Clomiphene – it is a fertility drug that can help women with PCOD get pregnant. However, it increases the risk for twins and other multiple births.

Surgery – it can also be an option to improve fertility if other treatment doesn’t work. Ovarian drilling is a practice that makes tiny holes in the ovary with a laser or else emaciated heated needle to restore normal ovulation.